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Syria

Name

The official name of Syria is ‘Syrian Arab Republic’..


Capital

Damascus.


Government type:

Presidential Republic


Population

18,448,800


Language

The official language is Syrian Arabic. Apart from that, Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian and French are also spoken there.


People

The main ethnic groups in Syriainclude Arab, Kurd, Armenian, Turkmen, Circassian, Assyrian and Palestinian.

Visa

North Americans, Europeans, ocean Asian do not require prior visa clearance it can be stamped on arrival however most of the African and Asian countries do require prior visa clearance It’s advisable to apply to tourist visa beforehand to avoid long queues at entry points Note: no evidence should be in your passports that have entered to the occupied territory or Israel. If found they would not pass through by immigration


Local Time

September – March: GMT + 2 April – October: GMT + 3


Communications

There is good mobile phone coverage in urban areas, and many networks have international roaming agreements. Internet access is limited, but is available in Damascus.


Public Holidays

Banks, businesses, government offices and many shops close all day for public holidays. Fixed public holidays include: New year (1st January) Revolution day (8 March) Mother's day (21 March) National day (17 April) Labor Day (1st May) Martyr's day (6 May) Christmas (25 December) A number of public holidays are not fixed. These include Easter and the following Islamic Holidays, which are based on the lunar calendar


Electricity

Electrical current is 220 volts, 50Hz. Round two-pin attachment plugs are in use. Visitors from the US will need a transformer which most hotels can provide.


Business Hours

Friday is the weekly holiday. Banks, government offices and most businesses are closed on Saturdays as well Government Offices 8:00 to 14:00 (Sat to Thu) Banks 8:30 to 14:00 Shops & Malls 8:00 to 13:30 and 16:00 to 19:00 (winter) 20:00 (summer) Private Sector 9:00 to 18:00 - with one or two hours lunch break


Business Type


Tipping

You'll soon note that tipping is part of the culture when you travel in Syria, though you should also take into consideration that it is not compulsory and should only be given if good service is received


Attire

When your day’s program includes visits to mosques, churches or other sacred sites, modest attire is the most respectful


Weather

Damascus Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Min Temp (°C) 2 4 6 9 13 16 18 18 16 12 8 4 Max Temp (°C) 12 14 18 24 29 33 36 37 33 27 19 1


Telephone no

Police 112 Ambulance 110

Visa

North Americans, Europeans, ocean Asian do not require prior visa clearance it can be stamped on arrival however most of the African and Asian countries do require prior visa clearance

It’s advisable to apply to tourist visa beforehand to avoid long queues at entry points

Note: no evidence should be in your passports that have entered to the occupied territory or Israel. If found they would not pass through by immigration


Local Time

September – March: GMT + 2

April – October: GMT + 3


Communications

There is good mobile phone coverage in urban areas, and many networks have international roaming agreements. Internet access is limited, but is available in Damascus.


Public Holidays

Banks, businesses, government offices and many shops close all day for public holidays.

Fixed public holidays include:

  • New year (1st January)
  • Revolution day (8 March)
  • Mother's day (21 March)
  • National day (17 April)
  • Labor Day (1st May)
  • Martyr's day (6 May)
  • Christmas (25 December)


A number of public holidays are not fixed. These include Easter and the following Islamic Holidays, which are based on the lunar calendar


Electricity

Electrical current is 220 volts, 50Hz. Round two-pin attachment plugs are in use.  Visitors from the US will need a transformer which most hotels can provide.


Business Hours

Friday is the weekly holiday. Banks, government offices and most businesses are closed on Saturdays as well

Government Offices

8:00 to 14:00 (Sat to Thu)

Banks

8:30 to 14:00

Shops & Malls

8:00 to 13:30 and 16:00 to 19:00 (winter) 20:00 (summer)

Private Sector

9:00 to 18:00 - with one or two hours lunch break


Tipping

You'll soon note that tipping is part of the culture when you travel in Syria, though you should also take into consideration that it is not compulsory and should only be given if good service is received


Attire

When your day’s program includes visits to mosques, churches or other sacred sites, modest attire is the most respectful.


Weather

Damascus

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Min Temp (°C)

2

4

6

9

13

16

18

18

16

12

8

4

Max Temp (°C)

12

14

18

24

29

33

36

37

33

27

19

1


Telephone no

Police 112

Ambulance 110