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Sri Lanka

Name

The official name of Sri Lanka is the ‘Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka’.


Capital

Colombo


Government type:

Republic


Population

20.2 million (UN, 2009)


Language

Sinhala (official), English is widely understood in cities


People

Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%

Visa

North Americans, Europeans, ocean Asian do not require prior visa clearance it can be stamped on arrival however most of the African and Asian countries do require prior visa clearance It’s advisable to apply to tourist visa beforehand to avoid long queues at entry points


Local Time

GMT +5.30


Communications

Telephone services within Sri Lanka are efficient and reliable. Internet cafes are widely available throughout the region and the local charges are generally very low


Public Holidays

Banks, businesses, government offices and many shops close all day for public holidays. Fixed public holidays include: New Year's Day (1 January). Tamil Thai Pongal Day (14 January) National Day (4 February) MahaSivarathri Day (23 February) Good Friday (10 April) Sinhala and Tamil New Year (13-14 April) May Day (1 May) Deepavali (17 October) Christmas Day (25 December) A number of public holidays are not fixed. These include Poyaday,Easter and the followin


Electricity

220 AC volts, 50 Hz, requiring rounded two-prong wall plugs. Visitors from the US will need a transformer which most hotels can provide.


Business Hours

Banks, government offices and most businesses are closed on Saturdays as well


Business Type

Banks 08.30-15.00 Business Offices 08.30-18.30 Government Offices 8.30-16.30 Shops Flexible but typically 09.30-18.00


Tipping

You'll soon note that tipping is part of the culture when you travel in Sri Lanka, though you should also take into consideration that it is not compulsory and should only be given if good service is received


Attire

When your day’s program includes visits to mosques, churches or other sacred sites, modest attire is the most respectful.


Weather

The climate of Sri Lanka can be described as tropical and warm. The mean temperature ranges from about 16 °C (60.8 °F) in the Central Highlands. The average yearly temperature ranges from 28 °C to nearly 31 °C


Telephone no

Police 119 Ambulance 193

Visa

North Americans, Europeans, ocean Asian do not require prior visa clearance it can be stamped on arrival however most of the African and Asian countries do require prior visa clearance

It’s advisable to apply to tourist visa beforehand to avoid long queues at entry points


Local Time

GMT +5.30


Communications

Telephone services within Sri Lanka are efficient and reliable. Internet cafes are widely available throughout the region and the local charges are generally very low


Public Holidays

Banks, businesses, government offices and many shops close all day for public holidays.

Fixed public holidays include:

  • New Year's Day (1 January).
  • Tamil Thai Pongal Day (14 January)
  • National Day (4 February)
  • MahaSivarathri Day (23 February)
  • Good Friday (10 April)
  • Sinhala and Tamil New Year (13-14 April)
  • May Day (1 May)
  • Deepavali (17 October)
  • Christmas Day (25 December)


A number of public holidays are not fixed. These include Poyaday,Easter and the following Islamic Holidays, which are based on the lunar calendar


Electricity

220 AC volts, 50 Hz, requiring rounded two-prong wall plugs. Visitors from the US will need a transformer which most hotels can provide.


Business Hours

Banks, government offices and most businesses are closed on Saturdays as well

Business Type

Business Hours

Banks

08.30-15.00

Business Offices

08.30-18.30

Government Offices

8.30-16.30

Shops

Flexible but typically  09.30-18.00


Tipping

You'll soon note that tipping is part of the culture when you travel in Sri Lanka, though you should also take into consideration that it is not compulsory and should only be given if good service is received


Attire

When your day’s program includes visits to mosques, churches or other sacred sites, modest attire is the most respectful.


Weather

The climate of Sri Lanka can be described as tropical and warm. The mean temperature ranges from about 16 °C (60.8 °F) in the  Central Highlands. The average yearly temperature ranges from 28 °C to nearly 31 °C


Telephone no

Police 119

Ambulance 193